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IMPORTANT NOTE: We have maintained the originally published taxonomic designation for each specimen despite the fact that many of these specimens have been reclassified since.  We chose to follow this protocol because of the difficulty in keeping up to date with all of the taxonomic groups, and our hesitancy to make a judgement call on taxonomic debates.  As such, please search the database with this in mind, perhaps using higher level taxonomic classifications for your query.

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7924 specimens found
Image Spec # CODI Database ID Arch. Locality Geo. Locality Elements Preserved Excavation Date Repository Bed Level Stratigraphic Horizon Bibliographic Information Curatorial Notes ID By ID Date Research Team In Situ Sediment or Matrix Adhering Class Order Suborder Infraorder Superfamily Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Species Subspecies Taxonomic Notes Taxonomic Problems
231/1960 213 5 - FLK HOR 1960 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I middle Zinjanthropus layer (22 feet below the upper limit of bed I) and upper layers. Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini No
OVPP-Muridae 5 4552 5 - FLK 104 - Unknown Zinjanthropus (22) Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. The author mentions the presence of "various" murids. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Rodentia Myomorpha Myodonta Muroidea Muridae No
G. 309 6559 5 - FLK NRCR-f, ETHM, SOCC 1960 104 - Unknown I Zinjanthropus (22) Greenwood, P., and Todd, E. 1970. Fish remains from Olduvai. In: Fossil Vertebrates of Africa,vol. 2 New York: Academic Press. pp. 225-241. At least 7 individuals are represented. 151 - Greenwood and Todd Unknown Actinopterygii Siluriformes Clariidae Clarias No
OVPP-Kobus 2 639 5 - FLK UK 104 - Unknown I middle (Zinjanthropus) Zinjanthropus (22 feet below the upper limit of bed I) and upper layers. Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Reduncinae Reduncini Kobus sigmoidalis No
OVPP-Tragelaphus 5 617 5 - FLK 104 - Unknown I middle (Zinjanthropus) Zinjanthropus (22 feet below the upper limit of bed I) ) and upper layers. Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Bovinae Strepsicerotini Strepsiceros maryanus This specimen was reclassified as Tragelaphus strepsiceros maryanus by Gentry and Gentry (1978). No
Ba. 126/1960 166 5 - FLK FRLT, R-HOR, L-HOR-f 1960 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I middle Zinjanthropus (22 feet below the upper limit of bed I) layer and upper layers. Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. This specimen is pictured in plate 72. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Parmularius altidens No
1957.56 P.P.T.3 139 18 - VEK CRA-f, L/R-HOR 1957 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I upper Upper Villafranchian Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. This specimen is pictured in plates 59 and 60. It is from a female. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Hippotraginae Hippotragini Hippotragus gigas Paratype No
M. 21446 179 L-HOR-f, CRA-f 1935 106 - Natural History Museum UK (?) I Upper Villafranchian Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. This specimen is pictured in plate 80. Additional specimens have been found at FLK N I. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Beatragus antiquus Paratype No
OH 3 3719 10 - BK 280 - 94 d-C , L-d-M 1955 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II Upper Upper part of BK channel which cuts into Tuff IID Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. In the first publication of these specimens (Leakey, LSB, 1958), Leakey described the teeth as a deciduous lower canine and a left deciduous upper M2. "This view was not shared by Robinson, von Koenigswald and others, who preferred to regard it as either a permanent or a deciduous upper molar of an australopithecine character" (Leakey, MD, 1970:226). Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Australopithecus Referred to as species boisei in Tobias (Olduvai Gorge volume IV, 1991). No
FLK N I 637 114 5 - FLK HOR 1960 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I middle upper layers in the middle level. Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Giraffoidea Giraffidae Palaeotraginae Okapia stillei Gentry and Gentry (1978) later identified this specimen as Parmularius altidens. No
OVPP-Elephas 8 499 5 - FLK UK 104 - Unknown I middle upper layers Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Proboscidea Tethytheria Behemota Elephantoidea Elephantidae Elephas recki The author says this is the "early form" of E. recki. No
OVPP-Hippopotamus 4 583 5 - FLK UK 104 - Unknown I middle Upper layers Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Hippopotamoidea Hippopotamidae Hippopotaminae Hippopotamus gorgops No
OVPP-Giraffa 3 593 5 - FLK UK 104 - Unknown I middle Upper layers Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Giraffoidea Giraffidae Giraffinae Giraffini Giraffa jumae No
OVPP-Libytherium 2 606 5 - FLK UK 104 - Unknown I middle Upper layers Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Giraffoidea Giraffidae Libytherium olduvaiensis No
OVPP-Python 6 376 23 - TK UK 104 - Unknown II upper upper floor Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Reptilia Squamata Boidae Python sp. No
OVPP-Canidae 3 464 23 - TK UK 104 - Unknown II upper upper and lower floors Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Carnivora Caniformia Cynoidea Canidae Indet. No
OVPP-Mesochoerus 5 553 23 - TK UK 104 - Unknown II upper upper and lower floors Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae Suinae Suini Mesochoerus olduvaiensis No
OH 80 3796 10 - BK R/L-P , L-M , R/L-I , L-HUM-f , R-RAD-f , R-FEM-f , TIB-f 2009 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II 4 Upper Domínguez-Rodrigo M, et al. 2013. First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. PLoS ONE 8(12): e80347. Distal portion of a left humerus diaphysis. Partial right radius with head, proximal metaphysis and partial diaphysis. Right partial femur, diaphysis in three refitting pieces. Tibia midshaft fragment assigned to OH 80 based on close "spatial association, comparable anatomical ruggedness and similar state of preservation to the other OH 80 postcranial fossils" (Dominiguez-Rodrigo et al., 2013). 292 - Proyecto Olduvai Yes Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Australopithecus boisei Anatomically modern No
OVPP-36 7713 L-MAN-f, P, M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Upper Two meters below Bed III. -- Needs preparation. Left mandible fragment P4-M2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/28 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-121 7801 M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Upper Two meters below Bed III. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-110 7788 M-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper Two meters above Tuff 1F. -- Mandibular molar fragments. Needs preparation. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Perissodactyla Ceratomorpha Tapiromorpha Rhinocerotoidea Rhinocerotidae No
OVPP-103 7781 HOR, M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Two meters above Bed I lavas. -- Needs preparation. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-47 7724 R-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Upper Twenty meters below contact with Bed III. -- Right maxillary molar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/28 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-52 7730 HOR-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II? Twelve meters below Lemuta sandstone; brown claystones. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/28 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OH 36 3751 22 - SC ULNA 1970 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II Upper Tuff IID Leakey, M.D. 1978. Olduvai fossil hominids:their stratigraphic positions and associations. In: Jolly, CJ, editor. Early hominids of Africa. London:Duckworth. P. 3-16. Almost complete. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo erectus No
OVPP-581 9954 AST 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Tuff IB. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-580 9953 M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Tuff IA. -- Mandibular molar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-100 7778 HOR 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower Tuff about 5-8 meters above Tuff 1F. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Aves No
OVPP-269 7947 R-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Middle Tuff 2B -- Right Maxillary Molar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/08 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-270 7948 M, M-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Middle Tuff 2B -- Mandibular molar (A) and Maxillary molar fragment (B). Needs preparation. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/08 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-741 10114 HOR-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Tuff 1A. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-742 10115 L-I 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Tuff 1A. -- Left maxillary I2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
067/4668 FLK NN Tr. Trench/4 8204 6 - FLK NN R-FEM-f 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 4 Trench -- Proximal half of right femur. Pleistocene. Card in bag with specimen states "LSB Leakey `60 LOC: Olduvai Field No: 067/4667 L/4 FLK NN I OLD 60". 2012/08/02 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea No
OLD 61/7421 FLK N I Tr.III LS/1-2 8118 7 - FLK North L-FEM 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I 1-2 Tr. III surface -- Shaft of left femur. 2012/07/27 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Y Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea No
OVPP-91 7769 HOR 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Three meters below Tuff 1F. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
COP-12-20 9605 M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper Three meters below Tuff 1F. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/21 254 - COP Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-123 7803 R-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III Three meters above contact with Bed II. -- Maxillary right M3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-83 7762 M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Ten meters below Tuff 1F; 8 meters below carbonate nodules. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-84 7763 L-M-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Ten meters below Tuff 1F; 8 meters below carbonate nodules. -- Mandibular left M3 fragment. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae No
OVPP-166 7844 d-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III, IV Ten meters below Masek/Ndutu. -- Mandibular dm1. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/06 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No