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IMPORTANT NOTE: We have maintained the originally published taxonomic designation for each specimen despite the fact that many of these specimens have been reclassified since.  We chose to follow this protocol because of the difficulty in keeping up to date with all of the taxonomic groups, and our hesitancy to make a judgement call on taxonomic debates.  As such, please search the database with this in mind, perhaps using higher level taxonomic classifications for your query.

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1690 specimens found
Image Spec # CODI Database ID Arch. Locality Geo. Locality Elements Preserved Excavation Date Repository Bed Level Stratigraphic Horizon Bibliographic Information Curatorial Notes ID By ID Date Research Team In Situ Sediment or Matrix Adhering Class Order Suborder Infraorder Superfamily Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Species Subspecies Taxonomic Notes Taxonomic Problems
OLD 16174 10168 6 - FLK NN PHX I Layer 3 scree Brodkorb P., Mourer-Chauviré, C. 1984. Fossil owls from early man sites of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Ostrich; Journal of African Ornithology 55:17-27. PARATYPE. Pedal phalanx. Distal portion of left tarsometatarsus. "Paratypes: The following specimens are from layer 3 of locality FLK NNI and can be attributed to the same individual as the holotype: 15740, premaxillae; 3301, lower part of right coracoid. 15364 and 15473, proximal and distal parts of left femur; 16377, distal part of right femur; 15701, distal part of left tibiotarsus; 15776, left fibula; 16262, proximal part of right tarsometatarsus; 15730, distal part of left tarsometatarsus; 15942, 15946, 16050, 16171, 16174, 16176 to 16180, pedal phalanges. Place of conservation of the material: The fossils are currently on deposit at the University of Florida, Department of Zoology, and will later be returned to Tanzania" (Brodkorb and Mourer-Chauvire, 1984:17, 19). Image notes: (Scale = 2 cm) A-B: Left coracoid, holotype, OLD 15802, FLK NNI, layer 3, A anterior face, B posterior face. C: Right tarsometatarsus, proximal part, paratype, OLD 16262, FLK NNI, scree, anterior face. D: Left tarsometatarsus, distal part, paratype, OLD 15730, FLK NNI, layer 3, anterior face. E-F: Left femur, proximal half, paratype, OLD 15364, FLK NNI, layer 2+3, E anterior face, F Posterior face. G-H: Left femur, distal part, paratype, OLD 15473, FLK NNI, layer 3, G anterior face, H posterior face. I: Left tarsometatarsus, almost complete, OLD 11574, FLK NI, layer 1, anterior face. J-K: Left femur, lacking the distal part, OLD 11586, FLK NI, layer 2, J anterior face, K posterior face. Unknown Aves Strigiformes Strigidae Bubo leakeyae No
OLD 16176 10169 6 - FLK NN PHX I Layer 3 scree Brodkorb P., Mourer-Chauviré, C. 1984. Fossil owls from early man sites of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Ostrich; Journal of African Ornithology 55:17-27. PARATYPE. Pedal phalanx. Distal portion of left tarsometatarsus. "Paratypes: The following specimens are from layer 3 of locality FLK NNI and can be attributed to the same individual as the holotype: 15740, premaxillae; 3301, lower part of right coracoid. 15364 and 15473, proximal and distal parts of left femur; 16377, distal part of right femur; 15701, distal part of left tibiotarsus; 15776, left fibula; 16262, proximal part of right tarsometatarsus; 15730, distal part of left tarsometatarsus; 15942, 15946, 16050, 16171, 16174, 16176 to 16180, pedal phalanges. Place of conservation of the material: The fossils are currently on deposit at the University of Florida, Department of Zoology, and will later be returned to Tanzania" (Brodkorb and Mourer-Chauvire, 1984:17, 19). Image notes: (Scale = 2 cm) A-B: Left coracoid, holotype, OLD 15802, FLK NNI, layer 3, A anterior face, B posterior face. C: Right tarsometatarsus, proximal part, paratype, OLD 16262, FLK NNI, scree, anterior face. D: Left tarsometatarsus, distal part, paratype, OLD 15730, FLK NNI, layer 3, anterior face. E-F: Left femur, proximal half, paratype, OLD 15364, FLK NNI, layer 2+3, E anterior face, F Posterior face. G-H: Left femur, distal part, paratype, OLD 15473, FLK NNI, layer 3, G anterior face, H posterior face. I: Left tarsometatarsus, almost complete, OLD 11574, FLK NI, layer 1, anterior face. J-K: Left femur, lacking the distal part, OLD 11586, FLK NI, layer 2, J anterior face, K posterior face. Unknown Aves Strigiformes Strigidae Bubo leakeyae No
OLD 16180 10170 6 - FLK NN PHX I Layer 3 scree Brodkorb P., Mourer-Chauviré, C. 1984. Fossil owls from early man sites of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Ostrich; Journal of African Ornithology 55:17-27. PARATYPE. Pedal phalanx. Distal portion of left tarsometatarsus. "Paratypes: The following specimens are from layer 3 of locality FLK NNI and can be attributed to the same individual as the holotype: 15740, premaxillae; 3301, lower part of right coracoid. 15364 and 15473, proximal and distal parts of left femur; 16377, distal part of right femur; 15701, distal part of left tibiotarsus; 15776, left fibula; 16262, proximal part of right tarsometatarsus; 15730, distal part of left tarsometatarsus; 15942, 15946, 16050, 16171, 16174, 16176 to 16180, pedal phalanges. Place of conservation of the material: The fossils are currently on deposit at the University of Florida, Department of Zoology, and will later be returned to Tanzania" (Brodkorb and Mourer-Chauvire, 1984:17, 19). Image notes: (Scale = 2 cm) A-B: Left coracoid, holotype, OLD 15802, FLK NNI, layer 3, A anterior face, B posterior face. C: Right tarsometatarsus, proximal part, paratype, OLD 16262, FLK NNI, scree, anterior face. D: Left tarsometatarsus, distal part, paratype, OLD 15730, FLK NNI, layer 3, anterior face. E-F: Left femur, proximal half, paratype, OLD 15364, FLK NNI, layer 2+3, E anterior face, F Posterior face. G-H: Left femur, distal part, paratype, OLD 15473, FLK NNI, layer 3, G anterior face, H posterior face. I: Left tarsometatarsus, almost complete, OLD 11574, FLK NI, layer 1, anterior face. J-K: Left femur, lacking the distal part, OLD 11586, FLK NI, layer 2, J anterior face, K posterior face. Unknown Aves Strigiformes Strigidae Bubo leakeyae No
OLD 15740 10156 6 - FLK NN PMAX I Layer 3 Brodkorb P., Mourer-Chauviré, C. 1984. Fossil owls from early man sites of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Ostrich; Journal of African Ornithology 55:17-27. PARATYPE. "Paratypes: The following specimens are from layer 3 of locality FLK NNI and can be attributed to the same individual as the holotype: 15740, premaxillae; 3301, lower part of right coracoid. 15364 and 15473, proximal and distal parts of left femur; 16377, distal part of right femur; 15701, distal part of left tibiotarsus; 15776, left fibula; 16262, proximal part of right tarsometatarsus; 15730, distal part of left tarsometatarsus; 15942, 15946, 16050, 16171, 16174, 16176 to 16180, pedal phalanges. Place of conservation of the material: The fossils are currently on deposit at the University of Florida, Department of Zoology, and will later be returned to Tanzania" (Brodkorb and Mourer-Chauvire, 1984:17, 19). Image notes: (Scale = 2 cm) A-B: Left coracoid, holotype, OLD 15802, FLK NNI, layer 3, A anterior face, B posterior face. C: Right tarsometatarsus, proximal part, paratype, OLD 16262, FLK NNI, scree, anterior face. D: Left tarsometatarsus, distal part, paratype, OLD 15730, FLK NNI, layer 3, anterior face. E-F: Left femur, proximal half, paratype, OLD 15364, FLK NNI, layer 2+3, E anterior face, F POSterior face. G-H: Left femur, distal part, paratype, OLD 15473, FLK NNI, layer 3, G anterior face, H posterior face. I: Left tarsometatarsus, almost complete, OLD 11574, FLK NI, layer 1, anterior face. J-K: Left femur, lacking the distal part, OLD 11586, FLK NI, layer 2, J anterior face, K posterior face. Unknown Aves Strigiformes Strigidae Bubo leakeyae No
M. 14682 10382 Part of a left mandibular ramus with P3-M1 and the alveolus for P2. 1934 114 - Natural History Museum UK IV upper part, Middle Pleistocene Kanjeran Pluvial LSB Leakey. 1958. Fossil Mammals of Africa: Some East African Pleistocene Suidae. British Museum. No. 14. 1934 Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae Potamochoerus majus Holotype. Originally classified as Koiropotamus majus (Hopwood, 1934). Reclassified as Potamochoerus majus (Leakey, 1942). Unknown
M. 14683 10383 Two upper tusks, probably of the same individual. 1934 106 - Natural History Museum UK (?) I lower part, Middle Pleistocene Kamasian Pluvial LSB Leakey. 1958. Fossil Mammals of Africa: Some East African Pleistocene Suidae. British Museum. No. 14. British Museum Palaeontology Department 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 1942 Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae Potamochoerus majus Paratypes. Originally classified as Koiropotamus majus (Hopwood, 1934). Reclassified as Potamochoerus majus (Leakey, 1942). Yes
OVPP-709 10082 R-SCP-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Just below Tuff IA. -- Right scapular fragment with glenoid fossa. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
OVPP-75 7753 MAN-f, P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper Just above Tuff 1F. -- Mandible fragment with P2-3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia No
OVPP-278 7956 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Middle Just above sandstone at MNK Main site. -- Maxillary premolar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/08 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
MLK 068/6514 7564 34 - MLK CRA-f, P, M, (n=3) II Lower From horizon above Lemuta Member of Lowed Bed II Leakey MG and Leakey REF. 1973. New large Pleistocene colobinae (Mammalia, Primates) from East Africa. Fossil Vertebrates of Africa Vol. 3, 121-38. Similar to colobine specimen KNM-ER 398 in cranial dimensions. Maxillary dentition represented by P4, M2, M1, M2. Crania is represented by multiple fragments, and some fragments are missing. Large canine socket of right maxilla indicates specimen is male. Specimen is pictured in Plate 3. 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae Either Cercopithecinae or Cynopithencinae. Author states that the cranium is typical of Cercopithecinae but that the dental morphology resembles Cynopithecinae. No
MLK 068/6514 3803 34 - MLK CRA-f, P, M, (n=3) II Lower From horizon above Lemuta Member of Lowed Bed II Leakey MG and Leakey REF. 1973. New large Pleistocene colobinae (Mammalia, Primates) from East Africa. Fossil Vertebrates of Africa Vol. 3, 121-38. Similar to colobine specimen KNM-ER 398 in cranial dimensions. Maxillary dentition represented by P4, M2, M1, M2. Crania is represented by multiple fragments, and some fragments are missing. Large canine socket of right maxilla indicates specimen is male. Specimen is pictured in Plate 3. 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae Either Cercopithecinae or Cynopithencinae. Author states that the cranium is typical of Cercopithecinae but that the dental morphology resembles Cynopithecinae. No
OVPP-274 7952 32 - MNK Main LIMB-f, PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Middle Found right beside OGAP trench at MNK Main excavation. -- Distal limb and phalanx. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/08 253 - OVPP Yes Y Aves No
OVPP-111 7789 PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Found on top of Bed I lavas. -- Distal phalanx. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OH 11 3726 24 - DK 285 - 13 PAL , L-MAX-f , TOOTH-f 1962 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Ndutu Lower Found in stream bed at bottom of gully near DK excavations. See curatorial notes for details. Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Left half of palate and maxillary arch, crowns of teeth not preserved. "It is thus impossible to assign to any stratigraphic level, although the condition of the bone, which bears a pinkish tinge, is similar to that seen in fossil bones from a conglomerate at the head of the DK gully belonging to the lower Ndutu Beds" (Leakey MD, 1971:230). Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 154 - Leakey and Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo sp. No
068/6506 780 6 - FLK NN R/L-HOR-f, PAL 1961 104 - Unknown found in gravel postdating the Ndutu bed. Based on adhering matrix, it is probably from bed I or II. Gentry, A. W., and Gentry, A. 1978. Fossil Bovidae (Mammalia) of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Part I. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Geology 29:289-446. This specimen (Horn cores) is from the same individual as the palate with specimen number 068/6502. 137 - A. Gentry Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Reduncinae Reduncini Kobus sigmoidalis No
OVPP-138 7818 PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III Found at the very top of Bed II, eroded from Bed III. -- Distal phalanx. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/06 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-297 7975 R-MAN-f , R-P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III Found at Bed II / Bed III contact. -- Right mandible fragment with P2 - P4. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/08 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-172 7850 MTP 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III/IV Five meters below Masek/Ndutu. -- Proximal metapodial. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/06 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Carnivora No
OVPP-176 7854 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III/IV Five meters below Masek/Ndutu. -- Maxillary premolar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/06 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
M. 17074 10385 A fragment of mandible with a well preserved lower third molar 1935 106 - Natural History Museum UK (?) I top of Bed I F.L.K. LSB Leakey. 1958. Fossil Mammals of Africa: Some East African Pleistocene Suidae. British Museum. No. 14. Brit. Mus. Palaeont. Dept. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 1958 Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Suina Suoidea Suidae Potamochoerus majus Yes
M. 17112 10387 An upper third molar in a fragment of maxilla. 106 - Natural History Museum UK (?) II F.L.K. Brit. Mus. Palaeont. Dept. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 1958 Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Suina Suoidea Suidae Suidae Potamochoerus majus Yes
OVPP-736 10109 R-MAN-f, R-P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Eroded onto lag just below Tuff IA. -- Right mandible fragment with P4 and M1. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Hippotragini No
OVPP-737 10110 L-MAX-f, L-P, L-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Eroded onto lag just below Tuff IA. -- Left maxilla fragment with P4-M3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
OVPP-702 10075 R-MAN-f, R-P, R-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Eroded into silts about 10m above start of sandstone. -- Right mandible fragment with P4 and M1-3. Needs prep. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Tragelaphini No
OVPP-24 7701 MAX-f, I, M, PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III, II Contact scree slope -- Maxilla fragment with four incisors, two molars and one intermediate phalanx. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/28 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-744 10117 R-MAN-f, R-P, R-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Cobble conglomerate; about 5m below Tuff IA. -- Right mandible fragment with P3-M1. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Tragelaphini No
OVPP-748 10121 PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Cobble conglomerate; about 5m below Tuff IA. -- Distal phalanx. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-749 10122 R-P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Cobble conglomerate; about 5m below Tuff IA. -- Right mandibular P4. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Bovini No
OVPP-147 7792 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Claystones between Tuff 1B and Bed I lavas. -- Mandibular P3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/28 253 - OVPP No Mammalia No
OVPP-69 7747 MTP 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Claystone three meters above Tuff 1B. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-165 7758 PHX, SES 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower Clays 0.5 meters below Tuff 2A. -- Distal (OVPP-165A) and intermediate (OVPP-165B) phalanges and sesamoid (OVPP-165C). 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-81 7760 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Clays 0.5 meters above Tuff 2A. -- Mandibular P2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-146 7826 R-P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Clay stones between Tuff 1B and Bed I lavas. -- Right maxillary PM. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/06 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Cephalophini? No
M. 17071 10384 The greater part of a mandible. 1953 106 - Natural History Museum UK (?) II Chellean I Living Site LSB Leakey. 1958. Fossil Mammals of Africa: Some East African Pleistocene Suidae. British Museum. No. 14. marked Old. B.K.II, 1953/454; Brit. Mus. Palaeont. Dept. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 1958 Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae Potamochoerus majus Yes
OVPP-115 7796 R-P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Below Tuff 2A at OLAPP hippo trench. -- Maxillary right premolar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-407 9778 PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper Below Tuff 1F. -- Pair of distal phalanges. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/24 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-485 9856 SCP-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper Below Tuff 1F. -- 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/26 253 - OVPP No Aves No
OVPP-380 9751 L-AST, MTP 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper Below Tuff 1E. -- Left astragalus and associated metapodial. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/24 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OVPP-511 9882 L-MAN-f, L-P, L-M, R-MAN-f, R-M, R-MAX-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania Masek? About 5 meters below carbonate top, reddish brown popcorn clays about 3m below silts. -- Three pieces- labeled A, B, and C. Left mandible fragment with P3-4 and M1-2. Right mandible fragment with M3. Right maxillary fragment with M3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Bovinae Antilopini No
OVPP-512 9883 PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania Masek? About 5 meters below carbonate top, reddish brown popcorn clays about 3m below silts. -- Intermediate phalanx. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No