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IMPORTANT NOTE: We have maintained the originally published taxonomic designation for each specimen despite the fact that many of these specimens have been reclassified since.  We chose to follow this protocol because of the difficulty in keeping up to date with all of the taxonomic groups, and our hesitancy to make a judgement call on taxonomic debates.  As such, please search the database with this in mind, perhaps using higher level taxonomic classifications for your query.

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1690 specimens found
Image Spec # CODI Database ID Arch. Locality Geo. Locality Elements Preserved Excavation Date Repository Bed Level Stratigraphic Horizon Bibliographic Information Curatorial Notes ID By ID Date Research Team In Situ Sediment or Matrix Adhering Class Order Suborder Infraorder Superfamily Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Species Subspecies Taxonomic Notes Taxonomic Problems
F20 3055 24 - DK XIPHI 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
OVPP-75 7753 MAN-f, P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper Just above Tuff 1F. -- Mandible fragment with P2-3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia No
OVPP-332 8010 MTP-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower On top of Tuff 1F. -- proximal metapodial 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/11 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Carnivora No
F27 3056 24 - DK ENPS 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
OVPP-333 8011 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower 1 meter above Tuff 2A. -- Mandibular P2 (A) and P3 (B) 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/11 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
BMNHM25351 9318 L/d-P 129 - National Natural History Museum, Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (RMNH) I -- Deciduous left mandibular P3. 159 - R. Bernor Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae Equinae Hipparionini Eurygnathohippus Inventoried by Ray Bernor. Identified by Bernor as genus Eurygnathohippus. No
OVPP-461 9832 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower On top of Tuff 1F. Reworked tuff. -- Mandibular premolar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/25 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
OLD-859 12293 POD 114 - Natural History Museum UK -- OLD-859 Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Hippopotamidae Yes
F350 3058 24 - DK PYG 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
1931 II 1054 8807 R-SCP-f 1913 116 - Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie (BSPG), Munich, Germany Schwarz E. 1937. Die fossilen Antilopen von Oldoway. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Oldoway-Expedition 1913:62. Partial. Label/publication taxon ID: Gorgon taurinus semiticus. Reck Field No.: VI 875. 273 - Reck expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Megalotragus kattwinkeli Inventoried by Faysal Bibi in 2012. No
BMNHM25352 9319 L-P 129 - National Natural History Museum, Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (RMNH) I -- Left mandibular P4. 159 - R. Bernor Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae Equinae Hipparionini Eurygnathohippus Inventoried by Ray Bernor. Identified by Bernor as genus Eurygnathohippus. No
OVPP-462 9833 PHX 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower On top of Tuff 1F. Reworked tuff. -- Distal phalanx. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/25 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
F437 3059 24 - DK NUCH, SUPY 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
1931 II 35 8808 CRA, R/d-P, R/d-M, L/d-P, L/d-M 1913 116 - Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie (BSPG), Munich, Germany Dietrich, W.O. 1937. Pleistoz Reck Field No.: none. Dietrich 1937:97 states this is probably from Bed IV. Leakey 1965 refers to Koiropotamus as Potamochoerus (Koiropotamus). Museum label notes: juv., female, Horizont 4. Almost complete cranium w R dP4-M1, L P1, L dP4-M1. 273 - Reck expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae Koiropotamus Inventoried by Faysal Bibi in 2012. No
OLD-855 12294 MTP 114 - Natural History Museum UK -- OLD-855; metapodial distal end Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Hippopotamidae Yes
OVPP-P-11 13286 Distal MTP-f -- HWK East Level2 067-1983. Original Unknown Yes
1510/1957 49 MAN-f, P, M 1957 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Carnivora Feliformia Hyaenidae No
F465 3060 24 - DK ENPS 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
OVPP-165 7758 PHX, SES 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower Clays 0.5 meters below Tuff 2A. -- Distal (OVPP-165A) and intermediate (OVPP-165B) phalanges and sesamoid (OVPP-165C). 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-337 8015 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Upper 3 meters below Tuff 1F. -- P2 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/11 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae No
1931 II 1056 8809 SCP-f 1913 116 - Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie (BSPG), Munich, Germany Schwarz E. 1937. Die fossilen Antilopen von Oldoway. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Oldoway-Expedition 1913:62. 3 scapular frags. Label/publication taxon ID: Gorgon taurinus semiticus. Reck Field No.: VI 937. 273 - Reck expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Megalotragus kattwinkeli Inventoried by Faysal Bibi in 2012. No
BMNHM25354 (2) 9321 L-P 129 - National Natural History Museum, Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (RMNH) I -- Left mandibular P4. 159 - R. Bernor Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae Equinae Hipparionini Eurygnathohippus Inventoried by Ray Bernor. Identified by Bernor as genus Eurygnathohippus. No
RMNH936 9577 PHX 129 - National Natural History Museum, Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (RMNH) -- Posterior first phalanx IV. 159 - R. Bernor Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae Equinae Hipparionini Eurygnathohippus Inventoried by Ray Bernor. Identified by Bernor as genus Eurygnathohippus. No
OVPP-464 9835 R-MAN-f, R-P, R-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower 1 meter above Tuff 1F. -- Right mandibular P3-4 and M1. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/25 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae No
MNK II 136 1147 27 - MNK MAN, M, P 104 - Unknown II Gentry, A. W., and Gentry, A. 1978. Fossil Bovidae (Mammalia) of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Part I. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Geology 29:289-446. 137 - A. Gentry Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini This specimen is probably of Parmularius angusticornis or Damaliscus niro. It could also be from Connochaetes. No
OVPP-Erinaceus 43 1986 7 - FLK North MAN, I-f, P, M 104 - Unknown I upper '123' Butler, P., and Greenwood, M. 1973. The early Pleistocene hedgehogs from Olduvai, Tanzania. Fossil vertebrates of Africa 3:7-42. 150 - Butler and Greenwood Unknown Mammalia Insectivora Erinaceoidea Erinaceidae Erinaceinae Erinaceus broomi No
F656 3061 24 - DK SUPY 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
1931 II 1160 8810 SCP-f 1913 116 - Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie (BSPG), Munich, Germany Schwarz E. 1937. Die fossilen Antilopen von Oldoway. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Oldoway-Expedition 1913:62. Frag w glenoid. Label/publication taxon ID: Gorgon taurinus semiticus. Reck Field No.: IV 24 / VI 24. On specimen is VI 24, but label and Schwarz list as IV 24. 273 - Reck expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Megalotragus kattwinkeli Inventoried by Faysal Bibi in 2012. No
BMNHM25355 (1) 9322 L-P 129 - National Natural History Museum, Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (RMNH) IV -- Left mandibular P2. 159 - R. Bernor Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae Equinae Hipparionini Eurygnathohippus Inventoried by Ray Bernor. Identified by Bernor as genus Eurygnathohippus. No
RMNH939 9578 PHX 129 - National Natural History Museum, Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (RMNH) -- Third phalanx of digit III. 159 - R. Bernor Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae Equinae Hipparionini Eurygnathohippus Inventoried by Ray Bernor. Identified by Bernor as genus Eurygnathohippus. No
F690 3062 24 - DK SUPY 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
OVPP-81 7760 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Clays 0.5 meters above Tuff 2A. -- Mandibular P2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/29 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
1931 II 1162 8811 SCP-f 1913 116 - Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie (BSPG), Munich, Germany Schwarz E. 1937. Die fossilen Antilopen von Oldoway. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Oldoway-Expedition 1913:62. Frag at glenoid. Label/publication taxon ID: Gorgon taurinus semiticus. Reck Field No.: none. 273 - Reck expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Megalotragus kattwinkeli Inventoried by Faysal Bibi in 2012. No
BMNHM25355 (2) 9323 L-P 129 - National Natural History Museum, Naturalis, Leiden, The Netherlands (RMNH) IV -- Left mandibular P3. 159 - R. Bernor Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Hippomorpha Equidae Equinae Hipparionini Eurygnathohippus Inventoried by Ray Bernor. Identified by Bernor as genus Eurygnathohippus. No
F3012 3063 24 - DK PLAS-f 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No
1931 II 1174 8812 SCP-f 1913 116 - Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie (BSPG), Munich, Germany Schwarz E. 1937. Die fossilen Antilopen von Oldoway. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Oldoway-Expedition 1913:8-104. At glenoid. Label/publication taxon ID: Gorgon taurinus semiticus. Reck Field No.: VI 310. Previous ID pelvis. 273 - Reck expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Megalotragus kattwinkeli Inventoried by Faysal Bibi in 2012. No
OVPP-467 9838 P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Lower 1 meter above Tuff 1F. -- Maxillary premolar. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/25 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OLD-203 11783 PHX 114 - Natural History Museum UK -- OLD-203; phalanx intermediate Unknown Mammalia Perissodactyla Equidae Yes
OVPP-Erinaceus 46 1989 7 - FLK North MAN-f, P 104 - Unknown I upper 3 Butler, P., and Greenwood, M. 1973. The early Pleistocene hedgehogs from Olduvai, Tanzania. Fossil vertebrates of Africa 3:7-42. 150 - Butler and Greenwood Unknown Mammalia Insectivora Erinaceoidea Erinaceidae Erinaceinae Erinaceus broomi No
F3013 3064 24 - DK HYPL 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I Auffenberg, W. 1981. The fossil turtles of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania, Africa. Copeia 1981:509-522. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 152 - W. Auffenberg 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Reptilia Testudines The author mentions there are over 3,000 fossilized turtle fragments from Olduvai Gorge, 98% of which are from the species Pelusios sinuatus. However, it is unclear which specimens belong to which species based on the description given. When it was unclear, the specimen is only referred to as belonging to the Order Testudines. No