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IMPORTANT NOTE: We have maintained the originally published taxonomic designation for each specimen despite the fact that many of these specimens have been reclassified since.  We chose to follow this protocol because of the difficulty in keeping up to date with all of the taxonomic groups, and our hesitancy to make a judgement call on taxonomic debates.  As such, please search the database with this in mind, perhaps using higher level taxonomic classifications for your query.

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1334 specimens found
Image Spec # CODI Database ID Arch. Locality Geo. Locality Elements Preserved Excavation Date Repository Bed Level Stratigraphic Horizon Bibliographic Information Curatorial Notes ID By ID Date Research Team In Situ Sediment or Matrix Adhering Class Order Suborder Infraorder Superfamily Family Subfamily Tribe Genus Species Subspecies Taxonomic Notes Taxonomic Problems
Ba. 126/1960 166 5 - FLK FRLT, R-HOR, L-HOR-f 1960 105 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (?) I middle Zinjanthropus (22 feet below the upper limit of bed I) layer and upper layers. Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. This specimen is pictured in plate 72. Original information indicated that this specimen was located in Nairobi. This specimen is likely within the material that was repatriated to Dar in 2011, but this has yet to be confirmed. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Parmularius altidens No
M. 21446 179 L-HOR-f, CRA-f 1935 106 - Natural History Museum UK (?) I Upper Villafranchian Leakey LSB. 1965. Olduvai Gorge 1951-1961, Volume 1: Fauna and Background. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. This specimen is pictured in plate 80. Additional specimens have been found at FLK N I. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Beatragus antiquus Paratype No
OH 3 3719 10 - BK 280 - 94 d-C , L-d-M 1955 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II Upper Upper part of BK channel which cuts into Tuff IID Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. In the first publication of these specimens (Leakey, LSB, 1958), Leakey described the teeth as a deciduous lower canine and a left deciduous upper M2. "This view was not shared by Robinson, von Koenigswald and others, who preferred to regard it as either a permanent or a deciduous upper molar of an australopithecine character" (Leakey, MD, 1970:226). Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 130 - L.S.B. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition Yes Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Australopithecus Referred to as species boisei in Tobias (Olduvai Gorge volume IV, 1991). No
OH 80 3796 10 - BK R/L-P , L-M , R/L-I , L-HUM-f , R-RAD-f , R-FEM-f , TIB-f 2009 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II 4 Upper Domínguez-Rodrigo M, et al. 2013. First Partial Skeleton of a 1.34-Million-Year-Old Paranthropus boisei from Bed II, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. PLoS ONE 8(12): e80347. Distal portion of a left humerus diaphysis. Partial right radius with head, proximal metaphysis and partial diaphysis. Right partial femur, diaphysis in three refitting pieces. Tibia midshaft fragment assigned to OH 80 based on close "spatial association, comparable anatomical ruggedness and similar state of preservation to the other OH 80 postcranial fossils" (Dominiguez-Rodrigo et al., 2013). 292 - Proyecto Olduvai Yes Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Australopithecus boisei Anatomically modern No
OVPP-36 7713 L-MAN-f, P, M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Upper Two meters below Bed III. -- Needs preparation. Left mandible fragment P4-M2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/28 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OVPP-742 10115 L-I 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Tuff 1A. -- Left maxillary I2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/07 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
OLD 61/7421 FLK N I Tr.III LS/1-2 8118 7 - FLK North L-FEM 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I 1-2 Tr. III surface -- Shaft of left femur. 2012/07/27 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Y Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea No
OVPP-84 7763 L-M-f 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Ten meters below Tuff 1F; 8 meters below carbonate nodules. -- Mandibular left M3 fragment. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae No
OVPP-48 7725 L-MAN-f, M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Ten meters below contact with Bed III sandstone. -- Left mandible fragment with M2 and M3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/6/28 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
OH 12 3727 18 - VEK 286 - 86 OCC , L/R-PAR , L/R-TEM-f , CRA-f , L-PAL , L-MAX , TOOTH-f 1962 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania IV? a Surface. Found on eroded slope of Bed III. L-TEM-f from just below marker Tuff IVa. Leakey, L., and Leakey, M. 1964. Recent discoveries of fossil hominids in tanganyika: at Olduvai and near Lake Natron. Nature 202:5-7. Crowns of teeth not preserved. Bed IVA determined on basis of matrix adhering to L-TEM-f and PAL. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 264 - Leakey family expedition No L-TEM-f & PAL found with matrix adhering. Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo erectus No
OH 6 3721 5 - FLK 283 - 45 CRA-f , M-f , L-P , L-TIB-f , L-FIB-f , 1959/60 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I Middle (Zinj.) Surface. Cranial and dental fragments found in surface soil from slope immediately below Zinj. site; assumed to be from Zinj. level (Leakey, MD, 1971:227). TIB-f and FIB-f from Zinj. level. Davis, P. R. 1964. Hominid fossils from Bed I, Olduvai Gorge, Tanganyika. A tibia and fibula. Nature. 201, 967. From Tobias (1991): OH 35 tibia and fibula attributed to same individual as OH 6 but appear to be more mature. It is unclear if OH 35 tibia and fibula are the same tibia and fibula originally listed under OH 6. Leakey, MD, 1971 describes CRA and dental fragments as having been found in surface soil, but Leakey, Tobias, and Napier, 1964 state "some [were] found in situ [and] some on the surface" (:9). Unworn lower L-P3. Partially developed roots of upper M1 or 2. Six cranial vault fragments. Tibia and fibula fragments first assumed to be associated with Zinjanthropus OH5, but should be considered associates with OH 6 following morphological study (Leakey, MD, 1971:227). and skull fragments. Juvenile. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo habilis Paratype. TIB-f and FIB-f not given taxonomic designation in original publication (Davis, 1964) but named as a paratype in Leakey, Tobias, and Napier, 1964. No
OLD 69 S.45 MNK Mid II.S 8121 27 - MNK L-RAD-f 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II Middle Surface. -- Proximal end of left radius. Large. Preserves about 1/3 of shaft. Card in bag with specimen states "OLD/69 S-45 MNK Mid II-S". 2012/07/27 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
OH 51 3766 35 - GTC L-MAND-f, L-P, L-M 1974 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania III Surface. -- Mandible fragment with P4 and M1. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo erectus No
OH 52 3767 24 - DK L-CRA-f 1969 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I Lower Surface. -- Incomplete left temporal. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo habilis No
OH 62 3777 78 - FLK S SKULL-f, UK 1987 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I Middle Surface. Johanson, D. C., Masao, F. T., Eck, G. G., White, T. D., Walter, R. C., Kimbel, W. H., Asfaw, B., Manega, P. C., Ndessokia, P. & Suwa, G. (1987). New partial skeleton of Homo Johanson, D.C., Masao Postcranial and skull fragments, 302 pieces. 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo habilis No
OH 73 3788 81 - HWK W L-P 2006 127 - National Natural History Museum, Arusha, Tanzania I Upper Surface. Clarke, R.J. Published online 4 May 2012. A Homo habilis maxilla and other newly-discovered hominid fossils from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Olduvai Special issue, JHE Left P3. Specimen is pictured third from the left bottom in image 1. Specimen is shown on left in image 2. No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo habilis sensu stricto No
OH 74 3789 72 - FLK Maiko Gully L-M 2007 127 - National Natural History Museum, Arusha, Tanzania I ID above Surface. Left M2, unerupted. Specimen is pictured second from the bottom left in image 1. Specimen is shown on right in image 2. No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Australopithecus boisei No
OH 77 3792 14 - HWK E L-M-f 2010 127 - National Natural History Museum, Arusha, Tanzania II Lowermost Surface. OLAPP/Earthwatch”Discovered by an Earthwatch project led by F.T. Masao in 2003 and 2004, respectively, and will be described elsewhere.” -R. Clarke (2011) Left upper M2 crown. No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Australopithecus africanus No
OLD 68/S.9 opp. S.C. IV S ? IV. C KNM 2.4.3 8066 22 - SC CRA-f, R-ZYG-f, L/R-MAX, R/L-M, R/L-P, R/L-C-f 1968 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania IV Surface? -- Packed in National Museum in Nairobi, Kenya in box 188 or 189 labeled "Cercopithecidae" for transport to National Museum of History, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Partial cranium: Left and right maxillae and right zygomatic fragment present. Right and left M1-3, P 3-4, and canines present. Crown of left canine broken off. Only root of right canine is preserved. Incisors not preserved. Left M3 crown broken off. Buccal side of left M2 crown broken off. Distal portion of buccal side of left M1 crown broken off. Needs preparation. 2012/07/23 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Y Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
OH 37 3752 5 - FLK L-MAN , M , M 1971 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II Middle Surface, probably from sandy conglomerate in Middle Bed II. Leakey, M.D. 1978. Olduvai fossil hominids:their stratigraphic positions and associations. In: Jolly, CJ, editor. Early hominids of Africa. London:Duckworth. P. 3-16. Left half mandible with M1-M2. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo habilis No
OH 20 3735 11 - HWK 289 - 44 L-FEM-f 1959 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II or I Lowermost if Bed II, upper if Bed I Surface Day, MH. 1969. Femoral Fragment of a Robust Australopithecine from Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Nature. 22: 230-233. Proximal end of large left femur missing head, greater and lesser trochanters damaged. Either Lower Bed II or Upper Bed I (Leakey MD, 1971:233). Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Australopithecus cf. boisei No
OH 21 3736 7 - FLK North L-M 1968 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I Upper Surface Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Upper left M1, small and unworn. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Homininae Hominini Homo habilis No
OH 25 3740 268 - 54 L-PAR-f 1968 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania IV a Surface Leakey MD. (1971) Olduvai Gorge, Vol. 3: excavations in Beds I & II 1960-1963. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Left parietal fragment ca. asterion. Specimen previously housed at National Museum of Kenya. 142 - M. D. Leakey 264 - Leakey family expedition No Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Hominoidea Hominidae Juvenile. No
OLDOWAY 1941/ F921 S I KNM 18 8189 L-HUM-f 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I Surface -- Distal end of left humerus. Pleistocene. Card in bag with specimen states "Loc: Oldoway". Specimen label is also "Oldoway". 2012/08/01 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea No
067/3979 DK IC 8223 24 - DK L-AST 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I C? Surface -- Left astragulus. Card in bag with specimen states "LOC: OLDUVAI, OLD `62". Pleistocene. 2012/08/03 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea No
OLD 63/3038 DK1 8086 24 - DK L-C 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I 2 Strip II -- Upper left canine. Female? Strip II 1/2. Cynocephalinae? 2012/07/26 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
DK I/98 8072 24 - DK L-I 1963 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I 2 Strip I -- Lower left second incisor. Possibly cercocebus? Card in bag with specimen states "Old '63 DK I Strip I L/2". 2012/07/25 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae Cercopithecinae No
OVPP-526 9897 L-MAN-f, M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III/IV Stream channel 20m below top of section. -- Left mandibular fragment with M1-2 and partial M3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Hippotragini No
OVPP-567 9940 R/L-MAX, R/L-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Stream channel (modern) with sediments from lower Bed I section. -- Right and left maxilla with right and left M1-2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphini No
OLD 1952/694 GRC S 8062 64 - GRC S L-MAN-f, M 1952 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania II Side gorge; surface. Jolly, C.J. 1965. Origins and specialization of the long-faced Cercopithecoidea. PhD thesis, University of London. Packed in National Museum in Nairobi, Kenya in box 188 or 189 labeled "Cercopithecidae" for transport to National Museum of History, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Left mandibular ramus fragment with M2-M3. In BM loan collection. 2012/07/23 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea Cercopithecidae No
OVPP-153 7833 L-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Sediments right on top of Bed I lavas. -- Left maxillary M3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/06 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Bovinae Tragelaphini No
OVPP-10 7688 L-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III Scree slope -- Left mandibular M3 157 - L. Hlusko 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae No
1229 DK IA SCREE 067/? 8232 24 - DK L-MTT-f 122 - National Museum and House of Culture, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania I A? Scree -- Proximal end of left metatarsal. Card in bag with specimens states "Loc: Olduvai, Field No: OLD 1962 067/3917". Pleistocene. 2012/08/03 264 - Leakey family expedition Unknown Mammalia Primates Anthropoidea Haplorhini Cercopithecoidea No
HWK EE II 1972.2061 1024 37 - HWK EE FRLT, L-HOR 1972 104 - Unknown II Sandy Conglomerate Gentry, A. W., and Gentry, A. 1978. Fossil Bovidae (Mammalia) of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Part I. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Geology 29:289-446. 137 - A. Gentry Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Parmularius rugosus No
HWK EE II 1972.2181 1025 37 - HWK EE FRLT, L-HOR 1972 104 - Unknown II Sandy Conglomerate Gentry, A. W., and Gentry, A. 1978. Fossil Bovidae (Mammalia) of Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania. Part I. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History): Geology 29:289-446. 137 - A. Gentry Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini Parmularius rugosus No
OVPP-592 9965 L-P 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Sandy clays right on top of granite, 10m below Tuff IB.�������������������������������������� -- Left mandibular P4.�������������������� 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Antilopini Syncerus? No
OVPP-593 9966 L-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Sandy clays right on top of granite, 10m below Tuff IB. -- Left mandibular M1 or 2. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini No
OVPP-666 10039 L-M-f, P, M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania I Lower Sandy clays just below carbonate that overlies Tuff IA channel fill. -- Left mandible with P4-M3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/07/03 253 - OVPP Yes Mammalia Artiodactyla Suiformes Suoidea Suidae No
OVPP-194 9186 L-MAN, TOOTH 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania II Middle Sandstone. -- Left mandible with 3 teeth. Needs preparation. Fossil not labeled. In matrix. 157 - L. Hlusko 2012/07/06 253 - OVPP Yes Y Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Giraffoidea Giraffidae No
OVPP-536 9907 L-MAN-f, L-M 126 - Mary Leakey Camp, Antiquities Station Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania III/IV Sandstone. -- Left mandibular fragment with M2-3. 157 - L. Hlusko 2013/06/30 253 - OVPP No Mammalia Artiodactyla Ruminantia Bovoidea Bovidae Alcelaphinae Alcelaphini No